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Companion Planting Guide with patterning

Transforming your garden with pattern

Category: AgriculturePermacultureBiologyPatterning

Date: 12 September 2011

Description: A guide to Companion Planting, the practice of combining mutually beneficial species of plants in a naturally harmonious pattern that would promote the best features of each plant's growth habits and yields, while accommodating for differences in environmental factors and seasonal fluctuations. Bluntly put, "The art of putting plants together".


Plant Guilds (Plants with Benefits)

Companion planting is used for mutual benefit between plant species, to maximise yields and provide a healthy living habitat. Companion planting can be used for pest control and distraction; windbreak; accumulation and distribution of nutrients, minerals and helpful bacteria and fungi; dividing needs for nutrients, water, sun and shade; attracting predatory insects and birds; attracting polinators; and also to exentuate natural growth cycles and patterns to build relilience and diversity in the landscape.

To have an productive garden you need to have a diverse mix of locally trialed species. Introducing foreign crops can often bring in new pests and change the biological and mineral balance of the soil. If you do want to plant something rare, be sure to surround it with companions that will defend it from harm and assist its growth.

There are many known combinations of plants that co-operate to produce healthy yields and reduce pests. These are known as Plant Guilds.

You will notice that some plants have a one-way benefit from their companions, and others will have a two-way relationship. When putting together a Plant Guild, we should try and maximise as many beneficial relationships as possible to create a diversity of healthy plant interactions and pest control mechanisms.

Sort by Plant Name | Sort by Pests repelled | Sort by Insects attracted

Insect AttractedPlant Names
Assassin BugAlfalfa; Carrots; Goldenrod;
Big-Eyed BugAlfalfa; Carrots; Goldenrod;
ButterfliesBasil; Hyssop; Plumbago; Salvia; Sweet William;
Cabbage ButterflySage;
Damsel BugAlfalfa;
Fruit FlyApple;
HoneybeesBorage; Catnip; Dill; Horehound; Hyssop; Plumbago; Sage; Salvia; Summer Savory; Sweet William;
Lady BeetleAlfalfa; Artemisia; Goldenrod; Morning Glory; Yarrow;
Parasitic WaspAlfalfa; Carrots; Clover, White; Goldenrod; Horehound; Yarrow;
Predatory Ground BeetlesAmaranth;
Syrphid FlyBuckwheat; Candytuft; Fennel; Horehound; Morning Glory; Yarrow;
Tachinid FlyClover, White; Coriander; Fennel; Ivy;
WaspsArtemisia; Carrots; Clover, White; Ivy;
Yellow JacketArtemisia; Carrots; Clover, White; Ivy;

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